advertising banner for bullion vault

What are the Best Safes to Store Gold Bullion at Home?



How Can an Investor Best Store Precious Metals at Home? Is Full Security Even Possible?

Alison MacdonaldBullion.Directory’s Ask Ally Service
By Alison Macdonald
Commercial Editor at Bullion.Directory

My most recent question on the free Ask Ally service comes from, Jane Doe* in Florida who has asked:

I have a substantial amount of gold bullion (high six-figures) currently stored at two bank facilities. I am worried about where banking security and on a wider scale US privacy / security is headed and now wish to store my bullion securely at home. What would you recommend for storage? What safes are best for gold home storage?”

the gold forecast banner

We do get quite a few inquiries like Jane’s, where the reason given and gold values both may differ, but the gold-owner’s preferred solution is the same: home storage.

Now before answering the question specifically, I do need to address something that’s central to gold bullion home storage – and it’s this:

A good quality, properly rated safe is only a PART of a layered security strategy.

If you simply want to know about how to select the best safes to use, please feel free to skip to that section, but do so knowing that without the layering method, even the best gold bullion safes can be at risk from theft.


Taking a Layered Approach to Bullion Home Storage Security

gold-bullion-security-layersWhen it comes to storing gold and silver bullion at home, relying solely on a high-quality safe isn’t enough. While a robust safe is absolutely a crucial component, it must be part of a broader, more comprehensive security strategy.

This layered approach ensures that your valuable metals are protected against a wide range of threats, from opportunistic burglars to more sophisticated and determined thieves – and in some extreme cases 3-letter agencies.

How far down the layered security rabbit hole you go will depend on how much gold bullion you are looking to store at home, and from whom you are looking to evade theft (or forceful confiscation.)

The concept of layered security involves multiple protective measures, each serving as a barrier to potential intruders. By incorporating various security layers, you significantly enhance the overall protection of your bullion, making it far more challenging for any thief to succeed.

The four main security layers, which play a vital role in your bullion storage strategy are:

1. Secrecy: The first and most fundamental layer is maintaining strict secrecy about your bullion holdings. The best security comes from tight lips. Simply put, don’t tell anyone you don’t feel you need to, about the fact that you own gold or silver. The fewer people who know, the lower the risk of targeted theft.

2. Invisibility: The second layer focuses on making your safe as undetectable as possible. An invisible safe is one that thieves cannot find, no matter how thoroughly they search. Concealment strategies can range from hidden compartments to safes disguised as everyday objects.

3. Diversion: The third layer involves creating a convincing decoy and goes hand in hand with layer 2. This means setting up an additional smaller safe – one that’s less well hidden than the principal. This decoy will contain realistic but non-valuable contents. The idea is to satisfy the majority of opportunist thieves, making them believe they’ve hit paydirt, thereby diverting them from your true stash.

4. Fortress: The fourth layer is about making your actual safe as impenetrable as possible. This involves choosing a safe with high-security ratings, robust construction, and advanced locking mechanisms. Your goal is to ensure that, even if found, your safe presents a formidable challenge to any would-be thief.

For those at the highest possible risk level, there’s an optional fifth layer:

5. Diversity: This layer involves spreading the storage of your metals across several locations. By spreading out your holdings, you reduce the risk of losing everything in a single loss event. Diversifying storage locations could include multiple safes within your home, safes at different properties, or utilizing off-site and even offshore facilities.


How Many Layers Are Right For You?

risk-evaluationNow just how many of these layers you use will depend on the level of risk you perceive and the value of your gold bullion.

Although each additional layer adds complexity and expense, creating a robust defense system that significantly reduces the likelihood of successful theft is a worthwhile investment in time and money.

For people with a couple of gold coins or a few dozen ounces of silver it may be that there’s no real need for a secure safe – layers 1 and 2 or secrecy and invisibility will suffice in most cases. For those of us with $100,000 and even $1,000,000+ in home-stored gold bullion, you are going to want to take far better care of your metals.

By using this layered approach to bullion home storage security, you can be confident that your precious metals are protected by multiple, overlapping defenses, each designed to thwart different types of threats.

Nothing is foolproof, but lets not be the ones who are the fools!


Layer 1: Secrecy – Don’t Paint a Target On Your Own Back

gold-bullion-rumorWhen it comes to safeguarding your home-stored gold and silver bullion, secrecy is the first and most vital layer of protection.

The principle is simple: the fewer people who know about your bullion holdings, the safer your assets are.

Secrecy is paramount because it eliminates the risk of targeted theft. If no one knows you have valuable precious metals in your home, there is no reason for potential thieves to target you specifically.

Here’s why maintaining secrecy is so crucial:

Reducing Risk of Targeted Theft: When word gets out that you have gold or silver stored at home, you become a potential target for criminals. Opportunistic burglars might attempt a break-in, and if you’re boasting of larger holdings, more sophisticated thieves could plan a more calculated heist. By keeping your holdings a secret, you drastically reduce this risk.

Minimizing Information Leaks: Every person who knows about your bullion represents a potential leak. Even trusted friends or family members might inadvertently mention your holdings in conversation, leading to unintended disclosure. So don’t flex to your friends at the clubhouse. Don’t take out a kilobar at a dinner party. The more people who know, the greater the chance that this information will spread – and it WILL spread.

Preventing Inside Jobs: Sometimes, the threat comes from within. By limiting the number of people who are aware of your bullion, you decrease the likelihood of an inside job. This is especially important if you have domestic help, employees, contractors, or frequent visitors to your home. If your love-life is a revolving door, do not under any circumstances let on because ‘honey-traps’ do happen.


Practical Tips for Maintaining Secrecy

To effectively maintain secrecy, consider the following practical tips:

  • Avoiding Discussions: Refrain from discussing your bullion holdings, even with people you trust, no matter how tempting it may be. Casual conversations, clubhouse flexes and for-the-drama bullion reveals can and will lead to unintended information leaks.
  • Don’t Do Social Media: It staggers me how many people like to film their stash ‘anonymously’ and post it to social media. I guarantee your identity and location will be super-easy to discover for people with even a modicum of investigative talent.
  • Discreet Purchasing and Transporting: When buying bullion, choose discreet and reputable dealers. Arrange for secure and private transportation to your home. An armored Brinks van pulling up outside your door is never a good look.
  • Keeping Records Secure: Store any paperwork or records related to your bullion in a secure, hidden place. Avoid leaving receipts, certificates, or inventories in plain sight – and the same goes for dealer emails such as dispatch confirmations or delivery notes. There should be NO easily found paper trail – digital or otherwise.
  • By sticking to these basic secrecy principles, you can immediately establish the first line of defense in your bullion storage security strategy.

    Proper secrecy not only protects your assets from external threats but also ensures that your bullion remains a private and secure investment.


    Layer 2: Invisibility – What You Can’t Find, You Can’t Steal

    hiddenThe second layer of a comprehensive bullion storage security strategy is invisibility. The concept here is straightforward: even the best thieves can’t steal what they can’t find.

    By making your safe as undetectable as possible, you will significantly reduce the risk of your home-stored bullion being stolen.

    Even if a random opportunist burglar manages to break into your home, the chances of them discovering a well-hidden safe are slim to zero.

    As for a knowledgeable and dedicated thief who somehow knows for a fact that you have bullion on-site, they will typically be under some sort of time or noise constraint if they want to evade discovery.

    Invisibility adds an extra layer of protection by ensuring that your safe is not only physically secure but also strategically concealed. The effectiveness of this strategy lies in its ability to keep your valuables out of sight and out of mind.


    Choosing the Best Hidden Locations

    Selecting the right location for concealing your safe is crucial – but also be aware that thieves have access to the internet – which means more common methods of disguise will be the first places they look.

    The key is to think a bit left-field, to come up with more outside the box solutions. I will NOT give the better, more crazy methods, as once out in the open like this, they will no longer be secret.

    With that in mind, here are some of the better well-known but hard to detect methods used for hiding your bullion safe – in a way that makes it nearly impossible for opportunist thieves to find:

    1. Behind False Walls: Creating a false wall is an effective way to hide a safe. This could be a section of a closet, a bookshelf, or even a panel in a larger room. False walls can be designed to blend seamlessly with the surrounding area, making them undetectable to anyone who doesn’t know they’re there.

    2. In Basements or Garages: Basements and garages offer numerous hiding spots for safes. You can conceal a safe behind large appliances, inside unused storage spaces, or even beneath the floor (being careful not to destroy any water-proofing.) Basements and garages can be overlooked by thieves, making them an ideal location for hidden safes.

    3. Under Floors: Installing a safe under the floor is another excellent, but very common way to keep it hidden. Specially designed floor safes can be placed beneath carpets, tiles, or hardwood flooring, and can be further concealed by furniture or rugs. This method not only hides the safe but also makes it difficult to access without specific knowledge.

    4. Behind Artwork or Mirrors: It might be a cliche and is definitely over-used, but many choose to hide their safes behind large pieces of artwork or mirrors. These can be mounted on hinges or slides to provide access to the safe while keeping it concealed. This approach takes advantage of the natural tendency of normal people to overlook wall-mounted items as potential hiding spots. Do remember that seasoned burglars are not ‘normal’ people.

    5. Inside Furniture: Another common but often highly effective concealment method is the use of custom-built furniture with hidden compartments. Desks, wardrobes, or even bed frames can be designed to include secret spaces that house your safe. It’s unlikely that an opportunist will take all of your furniture apart, but a dedicated and knowledgeable thief who knows you have bullion on-site may not be so reluctant.

    6. In Utility Areas: Utility areas like attics, crawl spaces, or even HVAC closets can serve as discreet locations for safes. These areas are typically less frequented and can be modified to include hidden compartments for added security. In my experience these areas can be the best of all, with nearly unlimited opportunity to create special hiding places and false obstacles.

    Case Study: Jane Smith’s Wall of Wonder

    false-wall-gold-storageA colleague of mine advised a ‘Jane Smith’, who successfully implemented the invisibility strategy by installing her safe behind a false wall in her garage.

    This wall, was designed to look exactly like the other walls in the space, but concealed a high-security safe that housed her valuable bullion. Access was through a hatch which was itself accessed behind a pivoting non-functional water heater. The rest of the wall was covered by useful storage racks, boxes and crates, old paint tins and tools, recycling bins – and all the normal items we would find in a typical garage.

    Despite two burglaries (she lived in a high-crime city), the thieves never discovered the hidden compartment, leaving her gold assets untouched.


    Layer 3: Diversion – Fooling Opportunistic Thieves

    gold-bullion-thiefThe third layer in a comprehensive bullion storage security strategy is diversion. This layer involves creating a convincing decoy to fool opportunistic thieves.

    The strategy centers around having a decoy safe — an additional, less well-hidden safe that appears to be your primary storage but in fact contains items of little actual value.

    The principle behind this approach is straightforward: most opportunist burglars aim to complete their theft quickly.

    When they find a safe, their primary goal is to get in and out with as much loot as possible – so by providing a decoy safe filled with realistically valuable looking items, you can satisfy the thief’s immediate needs and divert them from searching further for your truly valuable stash.


    What to Include in a Diversion Safe

    A successful decoy safe should contain items that look valuable enough to convince a regular thief they’ve hit the jackpot.

    Now it’s up to you how far you want to go with this, but be warned that not doing enough CAN make a decoy safe feel OBVIOUSLY a decoy, and result in a smart thief only starting to search all the more harder for the real treasure.

    Decoy safes can include any or all of the following.

    1. Fake Bullion: This one’s a given. It’s easy to buy very realistic looking fake gold bullion bars and coins online. Some even come in realistic blister packs. Unless the thief is a precious metals expert or happens to have a gold testing kit with them, this is going to be seen as a prize haul.

    2. Fake Jewelry: High-quality costume jewelry can closely resemble the real thing. Fake designer jewelry is again easy to get hold of in most cities. Including some special items such as a little velvet bag of cubic zircona ‘diamonds’ can make the decoy safe seem more convincing.

    3. Small Amounts of Cash: A few hundred dollars in cash can enhance the illusion that the decoy safe contains your valuable assets. Spread the cash out to make it appear more abundant.

    4. Old Electronics: Items like outdated smartphones, tablets, or cameras can add to the perceived value of the decoy safe’s contents. A few memory cards will add to this realistic story you are creating.

    5. Important-Looking Documents: Copies of documents that appear significant, such as contracts, or certificates carefully stored in brown envelopes can help make the decoy safe seem like it holds valuable information. You can have real fun creating these – as I’ll cover in the following case study…

    6. Small Collectibles: Inexpensive collectibles or knick-knacks that look valuable or appear to have sentimental value can further enhance the realism of the decoy safe.

    By carefully selecting the contents of your decoy safe, you can create a convincing illusion or a believable story, that will likely satisfy most opportunistic thieves, allowing your real stash to remain hidden and secure.

    Case Study: Robert’s Terrifying Connections

    fake-murder-outlineA good friend of mine, Robert*, decided to implement the decoy safe strategy in his New York home. He placed a small safe in his home office, inside of a cabinet but still easily visible to anyone searching the room thoroughly.

    Inside, he included a mix of fake bullion bars and low-value jewelry including a very good Rolex replica, a few hundred dollars in cash, and some old electronics. But his true art, the real kicker, was in the documents he included.

    Robert really went to town on his fake documents and wanted to put the fear of God into any criminals who laid their hands on the brown manila envelope sitting below the golden goodies. He created a ‘case file’ identifying a ‘target’, including maps with routes the target takes, habitual stop-offs and long-distance photos. For many this would be enough but Robert added some polaroid photos of the fake target in a staged incident to prove he had succeeded in his task. I’ll let you fill in the blanks yourself…

    One evening, Robert’s home was broken into while he was away. The thief had clearly found the decoy safe, broken into it, and on examining the contents would appear to have had a sudden change of heart. The burglar left without searching further and after careful examination of his home Robert realized that nothing had been taken.

    As for Robert’s true safe? It was hidden in a well-concealed compartment and remained untouched.

    Incorporating a diversion layer into your bullion storage security strategy can significantly enhance your overall protection.

    By using a decoy safe, you create an additional barrier that can thwart theft attempts and ensure the safety of your precious metals.

    Now whether you create a horrific story of potential stalking and homicide is of course optional!



    Layer 4: Creating a Fortress – The Ultimate Safe

    gold-bullion-fortressWhen it comes to storing your gold and silver bullion at home, selecting the right safe is a crucial part of any security strategy.

    The goal here is to create a literal fortress that can withstand numerous and various threats, from expert burglaries to natural disasters.

    I am going to look at the key attributes to have in mind for the best safes and best safe installations suitable for high-value home bullion storage.


    Security Rating

    UL Certification: The security rating of a safe is paramount. Look for safes that have been tested and certified by Underwriters Laboratories (UL), which provides a reliable indication of the safe’s ability to withstand break-ins.

    A higher UL rating means better resistance against attacks. For instance, UL TL-15 and TL-30 ratings indicate that the safe can withstand 15 and 30 minutes of tool attacks, respectively.


    Construction Quality

    Steel Grade and Wall Composition: High-quality safes are constructed with thick, heavy-duty steel.

    Look for safes with at least 1/2 inch thick high-strength steel walls and doors, the most commonly used high-security steel being GR80 which has more than twice the strength of steel used in basic safes. This may sound complex, but it is usually detailed in any UL test certification – tests which tend to require a minimum specification of GR80 steel.

    Some safes incorporate additional materials within their wall construction sandwich such high-density concrete, metal shards and ceramic particles, used to further enhance a safe’s resistance to drilling and cutting attacks​.


    Safe Attachment

    Bolting to Structures: A safe that isn’t bolted down is vulnerable to being removed entirely.

    Ensure your safe can be securely bolted to the floor or wall, making it much harder for thieves to take the entire unit. This is particularly important for smaller safes that could otherwise be carried away.

    In timber framed homes it can be difficult to find truly secure attachment locations and in many cases an area of concrete will need to be poured, or a masonry/concrete wall section built for use as an attachment point. Alternatively hidden steel, or kevlar composite sheeting can be used to cover at-risk timber elements.


    Fire Rating

    house-fire-dangerReal Test Results: Fire ratings can vary significantly especially at the lower-cost end of the market.

    In fact some fire ratings can be worse than meaningless so it’s important to choose safes that have been independently tested and certified.

    For example, a safe with a properly tested one-hour fire rating can protect its contents from temperatures up to 1,700 degrees Fahrenheit for an hour. Well-known manufacturers like Hollon, SentrySafe and Liberty provide detailed fire test results, adding real credibility to their overall ratings.​


    Lock Mechanisms

    Electronic vs. Mechanical Locks: Each type of lock has its pros and cons. Electronic locks offer quick access and can include biometric options, but they do require batteries or an electrical connection.

    Mechanical locks, on the other hand, don’t rely on electronics and are generally more durable. You will not be locked out in the event of power or circuit failure – and while it can be easy to spoof an electrical lock, a high security mechanical lock requires great skill to beat.

    At the higher end of the market, ultra-secure safes can also feature secondary trip locks which will activate if tampered with, providing an additional layer of protection.

    Storage Volume and Weight

    Space and Mobility: Consider the internal storage volume to ensure it meets your needs – it is better to err on the side of having too much space, than not enough to keep your bullion collection secure.

    Larger safes with adjustable shelving can accommodate a more extensive bullion collection, or additional high-value items.

    Additionally, the weight of a safe can be a factor; heavier safes are more difficult to move, which adds to their security but will also affect installation costs and where they can be placed in your home.

    Case Study: The Impenetrable Non-Removable Safe

    drill-proof-safeJohn* invested in a large high-quality, Hollon UL TL-30 rated safe with a dual locking mechanism. He installed it in his basement, bolted securely to the concrete floor. It’s size and weight along with difficulty of internal access, meant that to install the safe, the security company needed to remove and then rebuild part of an exterior wall.

    The safe’s size meant that without demolition tools and heavy lifting equipment, removal would not be an option. It’s thick steel walls and high-density concrete filling made it almost impenetrable. John chose this safe because despite being rated as a TL-30, the safe performed in testing as if it were a TL-60.

    His chosen specification was proven to be on the money, because despite an attempted burglary, the safe remained fully secure with only minor external damage. His significant bullion holdings remained untouched. After the attempted theft, John did take the added precaution of moving the safe to a different more hidden location in his basement, although this was no small feat given the safe’s difficult access, size and weight.



    Top Safe Recommendations for Home Bullion Storage

    Based on the attributes discussed, here are some of my top recommendations for bullion storage safes.

    hollon tl-30 range safeHollon TL-30 MJ Series Safes: When you want the ultimate in security, trust the safes that are ranked Protection level: Maximum. That’s the promise behind the new MJ Series of ultra secure safes.

    Liberty Presidential Series: Known for its robust build and high fire rating, Liberty safes feature thick steel walls, a UL rating, and an advanced locking mechanism. These safes are perfect for serious bullion collectors.

    American Security BF Series: Offers excellent security with UL ratings, high-density concrete fillings, and various sizes. It combines robust construction with fire and burglary protection.

    For further details on these safes and to explore purchasing options, you can visit reputable suppliers like Armadillo Safes.


    Optional Layer: Diversity – Spreading the Risk

    global-gold-storageDiversification in home bullion storage can be a critical strategy for those with substantial holdings or higher risk levels.

    The concept of diversification is straightforward: by storing your bullion across multiple locations, you can significantly reduce the risk of losing all your assets in a single theft or disaster. Why?

    1. Mitigating Theft Risk: If one storage location is compromised, the rest of your bullion remains safe. Thieves would need to have knowledge of, locate and breach multiple sites to access all your assets, which is highly unlikely.

    2. Disaster Protection: Natural disasters such as fires, floods, or earthquakes can easily destroy a single location. By spreading your bullion across various locations, you safeguard against losing everything in one catastrophic event.

    3. Legal and Political Safety: Depending on your needs or risk level, diversifying storage can protect against government seizures or legal disputes that might target your primary residence or business. This is outside of most bullion investor’s scope of danger, but nevertheless is not outside of the realm of possibility, given that it wouldn’t be the first time a government decided to confiscate it’s citizen’s gold holdings.


    Strategies for Effective Diversification

    To implement effective diversification, consider the following tips when choosing additional storage locations:

    • Multiple Safes within Your Home: Consider different areas of your home, such as the basement, attic, or concealed compartments in various rooms. Each safe should be well-hidden and secure.
    • Secondary Properties: If you own more than one property, such as a vacation home or rental property, consider storing a portion of your bullion there. Ensure these locations are very secure and that safes are properly installed and carefully concealed.
    • Off-Site Storage Facilities: When it comes to storing very large sums, it really does pay to use professional vaulting services for highly secure and insured storage options. Choose reputable facilities with strong security measures. What you gain in security however you will lose in secrecy and 24-7 availability.
    • International Storage: For those with truly significant holdings, diversifying storage internationally can protect against political instability or legal actions in your home country. Choose countries with strong property rights and secure storage facilities, or if you happen to own real estate in these locations…
    Case Study: De-Risking Through Distribution

    gold-bullion-storage-diversificationMary*, is a wealthy entrepreneur and seasoned investor with a substantial bullion collection. Mary decided to implement a diversification strategy to both protect her assets and distribute her wealth should she ever need to relocate in a hurry. This sounds exotic, but is a real risk for many high net worth individuals.

    Mary installed three high-security safes in different areas of her primary residence, with each safe being hidden and secured to the building structure. Her theory was that if even one safe was discovered and lost, it could act as a diversion and halt any search for additional units.

    For similar reasons and to cover the need of any potential flight situation, she placed a well-concealed safe in her vacation home, ensuring it was both bolted to the floor and equipped with a high-quality lock.

    Finally, Mary used two international vaulting services, one in Switzerland and one in Dubai.

    By diversifying her storage locations, Mary significantly reduced the risk of losing all her bullion in a single event and has given herself options should she find herself in a situation where relocation becomes an urgent need.

    Incorporating a diversification layer into your bullion storage strategy may be overkill for most, but for many it does add a useful additional layer of security, ensuring that the bulk of one’s assets can be protected against various threats and unforeseen events.


    Layered Home Security: Four Safety Multipliers

    The layered approach can apply to ALL investors looking to store gold bullion at home – the only difference being the degree of layering the investor needs to undertake to feel protected.

    Each layer serves a specific purpose and contributes to an overarching strategy designed to protect your valuable precious metals from various threats.

    Secrecy is the foundation of your security strategy. Keeping your bullion holdings a secret drastically reduces the risk of targeted theft. The fewer people who know about your assets, the safer they are.

    Concealing your safe adds an extra layer of security. Thieves can’t steal what they can’t find.

    A decoy safe filled with realistic but non-valuable items can fool opportunistic thieves. By diverting them away from your true stash, this strategy can buy time and decrease the likelihood of a more thorough search.

    Investing in a high-quality safe with robust construction, strong locking mechanisms, and reliable fire ratings will ensure that even if discovered, your safe will pose a significant challenge to would-be thieves.

    For those with higher risk levels or substantial holdings there’s diversification. By storing your bullion in multiple locations, you will further reduce risk of complete loss.

    Each of these layers enhances your overall security, creating a multi-faceted defense system that significantly mitigates the risk of theft and loss.


    Home Bullion Storage Security Conclusion

    layering-strategy-for-secure-home-storageSecuring your gold and silver bullion requires a tailored approach based on your individual at-risk level and the value of your holdings. What works for one person may not be sufficient for another with differing circumstances.

    It’s essential to assess your specific needs and implement the security measures that best protect your assets.

    Consider factors such as the amount of bullion you hold, the security of your home, and the likelihood of potential threats. Higher risk levels necessitate more robust security measures.

    Use the layered approach, adjusting each layer to fit your unique circumstances. For example, if you live in an area prone to natural disasters, prioritizing safes with high fire or water resistance is crucial.

    For significant holdings, consulting with security professionals can provide additional insights and recommendations tailored to your situation.

    Only by working a comprehensive, layered approach to bullion home-storage security, can you help ensure that your valuable assets are well-protected against a wide range of threats.

    This strategy not only secures your bullion but can also provide the peace of mind from knowing that you have taken all necessary steps to safeguard your wealth.

    Alison author Alison Macdonald

    Ask Ally, is your direct line to gold investment wisdom. Alison “Ally” Macdonald, with her extensive experience and sharp tongue, cuts through clutter to offer honest, insider takes on your gold investment questions.

    Need insights or industry secrets? Ally’s ready to deliver, combining professional expertise with a smattering of Glasgow patter. Get ready for straightforward, expert guidance from a one-time gold shill turned good guy. Ask Ally Today

    The responses provided by ‘Ask Ally’ are strictly for informational purposes only and should not be construed as financial or investment advice. Alison Macdonald’s insights and opinions are based on her personal experience and knowledge of the gold industry and should not be taken as professional financial guidance. Before making any investment decisions, we strongly recommend consulting with a qualified financial advisor. Bullion.Directory and Alison Macdonald are not liable for any financial actions taken based on the information provided in this service.

    prize draw details

Leave a Reply

  I accept your GDPR / Data Protection Policies